Great Pyramid Characteristics


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Marijke Wijffels
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The Great Pyramid is the most comprehensively surveyed building in the world. Have historians been drawn to the structure in search of riches?  Surely not material riches.  No Pharaoh's body, treasure, or treasure chamber has ever been discovered in the Great Pyramid and likely never will.  The real treasure lies in unlocking the spiritual power of this structure.   

From a purely practical standpoint, the Great Pyramid was quite useful.  With its original, highly-polished casing stones, the Great Pyramid reflected an extraordinary amount of sunlight and moonlight.  It was a “lighthouse” for navigation on the Nile and for desert travellers.  It could even be seen from Mt. Sinai.  With the original surrounding courtyards and temples, the Great Pyramid was also used as a sundial. But a very sophisticated sundial, because it even indicated solstices and equinoxes.  And at noon during the spring equinox, the Great Pyramid casts no shadow.

The genius of the Great Pyramid builders is also evident from its very location.  It sits at the very center of the land mass of the earth. The east/west parallel that crosses the most land and the north/south meridian that crosses the most land intersect in two places on the earth, one in the ocean and the other at the Great Pyramid.   This central location also happens to be on a flat-topped mountain of granite, the Giza Plateau.  No other foundation in the region could support such a massive structure.  There is so much stone mass in the Great Pyramid that the interior temperature is constant and equals the average temperature of the earth, 20 degrees Celsius (68 degrees Fahrenheit).

Nor did the builders waste their perfect location with imprecise positioning. The Great Pyramid is the most accurately aligned structure in existence and faces true north with only 3/60th of a degree of error. However, the “error” is most probably a reflection of the movement of the North Pole over time, which means that the pyramid was probably aligned with ZERO error. This exacting precision is evident throughout the Great Pyramid.  The passages are straight to within 0.33 of a millimetre for every 30.48 meters of passage length (0.013 in. per 100 ft.).  Each of the 144,000 shining casing stones weighed about 15 tons and were placed next to each other with an accuracy of a 0.1 millimeter ( 5/1000ths of an inch).  The builders left an intentional gap of about 0.5 millimeter (2/100ths of an inch) for mortar.  This mortar, by the way, is of an unknown origin. Although analysis has detected the chemical composition of the mortar, it cannot be reproduced to this day. The mortar is stronger than the stone and is still holding up today.

They builders were also innovative. The faces of the Great Pyramid are slightly concave, making it the only pyramid to have been built this way.  The effect is not visible from the ground or from a distance but only from the air, and then only under the proper lighting conditions. Further, the cornerstone foundations of the pyramid have ball and socket construction capable of dealing with heat expansion and earthquakes. No other pyramid has such features, which leads some scholars to believe that it might have come from a different era or even a different civilization.